Even in developed countries may be labor-intensive industries, requires a large number of migrant workers. Cereal crop agriculture has been mechanized in large extent, a combine harvester has replaced hundreds of labor, but for other crops harvest it is difficult to make it automate, this situation is changing now.
Take a look at Harvey, it is exactly what we are familiar with HV-100, which is an agricultural robot developed by harvest Automation Company located in Massachusetts. Because of the impact of population mobility and immigration laws, in the horticultural aspects, now the traditional cheap labor resources become shortage, so Harvey will be used for gardening.
Harvey has begun to transplant potted trees and shrub in nursery. These trees grow together in winter. In summer, in order to make them grow more bigger, need to transplant to enlarge the interval between them. Thousands of potted plants for transplantation have to rely on technology, every potted plant at least needs to transplant five times, hiring a worker every transplant need to take 2 cents, it is higher costs, so start using the robot.
This robot weighs 40 kilograms with battery. Their pliers can move potted plants weighing 10kg. It is designed for safety, so it doesn't need to use rail to prevent accidents not the same with industrial robots. It can work in any weather, whether in the day or at night.
Harvey uses a variety of sensors to prevent encountering obstructions or people, there is a high-precision instrument navigation, these designs allow it to be operated more simple; Harvey's operating instructions are completed by five parameters, and laid down yellow tape as a reference. Multiple Harvey can work together as a team and not interact with each other.
Harvey prototype has been successfully tested at the beginning of the year. Workers are very pleased to complete the transplant potted plants the arduous task to give the patient small machine. The first product was released in September. These machines cost $ 30,000. Mr. Tim needs to pay off $ 30,000 in 12-25 months.
After technological improvements, these robots can spray for Violet, trim violets, classify violets, and transplant violets. After improvements, there may be new features. For example: these robots with a tree through an automatic trimmer, the sensor of their own can control them to pick mature pumpkin and watermelon.
Other companies are also being studied to produce agricultural robot. The vineyard research center of reform located in Angarsk has had three robot engineerings. One is planting tulips and transplanting seedlings; another is harvesting, pruning and packing mushrooms; the third is packaging bonsai. These projects are based on the conveyor belt and the theory that commercial robot with suction cup controls small objects. Excellent software is developed by Ann Enoch Aino. The robot that has the software robot can be aiming at a target to pick mushrooms.
Harvest Automation and vineyards research center focused on the study robot that can be obtained interests in a timely manner. Like picking fruit, in the robot, it is still a challenge that installs complex control devices, need for better sensors and more wisdom. But like all workers, robots also need time to improve their skills.
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