Sitemaps.org defines the standard protocol. There are four compulsory elements. The sitemap must:
- Begin with an opening tag and end with a closing
- Specify the namespace within the
tag. The namespace is the protocol or set of rules you are using and its URL is preceded by “xmlns” to indicate it is an XML namespace.
- Include a
entry for each URL, as a parent XML tag (the top level or trunk in your site’s “family tree”).
- Include a child entry for each
parent tag (at least one branch for each trunk).
What Is Sitemap?
Sitemap is containing an ordered list of all the pages on your site
Submit Sitemap With Robots.txt
Another way to actively notifying the search engines is thru robots.txt
Creating URL Rules
Here are a few rules of thumb on URIs that you may consider to optimize your website.